Geography Area: 406,752 sq. km. (157,047 sq. mi.)
Cities: Capital--Asuncion (pop. 539,000). Other cities--Ciudad del Este, Concepcion, Encarnacion, Pedro Juan Caballero, Coronel Oviedo.
Terrain: East of the Paraguay River there are grassy plains, wooded hills, tropical forests; west of the Paraguay River (Chaco region) is low, flat, marshy plain.
Climate: Temperate east of the Paraguay River, semiarid to the west.