Area: 449,964 sq. km. (173,731 sq. mi.)
Cities: Capital--Stockholm (city population: 795,163). Other cities--G�teborg (city population: 493,498), Malm� (city population: 280,801).
Terrain: Generally flat or rolling. Three of the principal rivers, the Ume, the Torne and the �ngerman, flow into the Gulf of Bothnia. The highest areas are found in the Kjolen mountain range along the border with Norway, where peaks rise to over 1,500 m; the highest point is at the northern tip of this range, at Kebnekaise, which reaches 2,111 m (6,926 ft.). South of the mountains is the lakeland area, where the V�nern, the largest lake in western Europe--over twice the size of Luxembourg--is situated. South of the lakes is the infertile Sm�land plateau, surrounded by the lowland plains that border the sea. The mountainous regions and some northern parts of Sweden are covered in snow for much of the year, and only 8% of the country is given over to agriculture.
Climate: Temperate in south with cold, cloudy winters and cool, partly cloudy summers; sub-arctic in the north. The north of Sweden lies within the Arctic Circle, and continental influences also contribute to the cold climate. In northern areas, winters are usually long and cold. The south of Sweden benefits from maritime influences and the climate is milder. In the capital city of Stockholm, which lies on the south-east coast, daily average temperatures only fall to −3.1�C (27�F) in February, the coldest month, and are 17.8�C (64�F) in July. The mean annual rainfall in Stockholm is 22 in., with the largest amount of rain falling between July and September.